Many people view psychology and computer science as distinct fields with very little in common. The most popular view is that computer science has a very rigorous and quantitative research culture, while psychology research is based on more qualitative studies of behavior and human perception.

But in fact most of the modern computer science is influenced by psychological principles. The design of technology interfaces ranging from car dashboards to plane cockpits, from operating systems for computers to game controllers – is largely created by psychologists who work closely with computer scientists. A large amount of psychological research requires sophisticated software for processing large data sets.

Psychologists are increasingly relying on technology to expand their reach. The traditional experimental methods in psychology, which focus on one aspect of behavior in a controlled environment or assessing broad patterns of behavior via self-report questionnaires or interviews, have inherent limitations. (Experiments are typically limited to a single experiment; longitudinal studies are rare due to the difficulty in collecting and analyzing large quantities of data.)

The use of computer technology has opened up new avenues for understanding individuals behavior. Computers are essential to the brain-imaging technology fMRI. This technology allows researchers to connect specific areas of the brain to specific cognitive processes, for example, memory or reading. EEG (electroencephalography) is another example of a technology that uses computer processing to record and analyze brain activity.

The CCBT approach is now recognized by the UK’s National Health Service as an effective treatment for mild-to moderate depression and anxiety. Artificial intelligence (AI) is on the other hand is set to revolutionize psychotherapy by replacing therapists and treating patients online with robots.

try these out